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Lebanon
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Media
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. History
12. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Political situation /
Open map of LebanonFlag of LebanonLebanon /
Political situation



Detailed articleBefore independence
Presidents
Since independence 1943
Bishara Khouri 1943-1952
Camille Chamoun 1952-1958
Fuad Chehab 1958-1964
Charles Helou 1964-1970
Suleiman Franjieh 1970-1976
Elias Sarkis 1976-1982
(Bashir Gemayel 1982)
Amin Gemayel 1982-1988
No president 1988-1989
Rene Mouawad 1989
Oct. 5- Nov. 22
Elias Hrawi 1989-1998
Emile Lahoud 1998-2007
Fouad Siniora 2007-2008
Michel Sleiman 2008-
Prime Ministers
Second column shows which time in office
Riadh Solh 1 1943
Henri Pharson 1943-1944
Riadh Solh 2 1944-1945
Abdul Hamid Karame 1945
Sami Solh 1 1945-1946
Saadi Munla 1946
Riadh Solh 3 1946-1951
Husseini Oweini 1 1951
Abdullah al-Yafi 1 1951-1952
Sami Solh 2 1952
Nazim Accari 1952
Saeb Salam 1 1952
Fuad Chehab 1952
Khaled Chehab 1952-1953
Saeb Salam 2 1953
Abdullah al-Yafi 2 1953-1955
Sami Solh 3 1955
Rashid Karami 1 1955-1956
Abdullah al-Yafi 3 1956
Sami Solh 4 1956-1958
Rashid Karami 2 1958-1960
Ahmad Daouq 1960
Saeb Salam 3 1960-1961
Rashid Karami 3 1961-1964
Hussein Oweini 2 1964-1965
Rashid Karami 4 1965-1966
Abdallah al-Yafi 4 1966
Rashid Karami 5 1966-1968
Abdallah al-Yafi 5 1968-1969
Rashid Karami 6 1969-1970
Saeb Salam 4 1970-1973
Amin al-Hafez 1973
Takieddin Solh 1 1973-1974
Rashid Solh 1 1974-1975
Noureddin Rifai 1975
Rashid Karami 7 1975-1976
Salim al-Hoss 1 1976-1980
Takieddin Solh 2 1980
Chafiq al-Wazzan 1980-1984
Rashid Karami 8 1984-1987
Salim al-Hoss 2 1987-1990
Michel Aoun * 1988-1990
Omar Karami 1 1990-1992
Rashid Solh 2 1992
Rafiq Hariri 1 1992-1998
Salim al-Hoss 3 1998-2000
Rafiq Hariri 2 2000-2004
Omar Karami 2 2004-2005
Najib Mikati 2005
Fouad Siniora 2005-2009
Saad al-Hariri 2009-2011
Najib Mikati 2011-
* In competition with the generally accepted prime minister Salim al-Hoss.
National Assembly
Maronite Catholics 34
Sunni Muslims 27
Shi'i Muslims 27
Greek Orthodox 14
Druze 8
Armenian Orthodox 5
Greek-Melkite Catholics 5
Alawites 2
Armenian Catholics 1
Protestants 1
Other groups 1
Total 128

Lebanese politics are still much controlled by Syria. Lebanon has a political system, where important positions are divided according to religious backgrounds.
Lebanon's dependency on foreign powers is quite a normal situation in the country's history, where the neighbor, Syria, now has the upper hand. Inside the country. Christians have relatively more power than their percentage of the Lebanese population should allow them. But the Muslims are awakening politically, and have increased their turnout in national elections after the civil war.
The constitution of Lebanon is dividing power between what it has defined as the country's three religious groups, the Shi'is, the Sunnis and the Maronite Christians. The president is always a Maronite Christian, the prime minister a Sunni Muslim, while the speaker of the National Assembly a Shi'i Muslim. This has left the Christians the most powerful group politically, with the Shi'is as the least influential.
The National Assembly has 128 seats, which are out for free elections, every four years. The seats in the National Assembly are however distributed in advance between the different religious groups:


The degree of independence of Lebanon is debatable, with so much influence in the hands of Syria, and in the south, Israel and Iran.




By Tore Kjeilen