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Lebanon
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Media
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. History
12. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Demographics
Open map of LebanonFlag of LebanonLebanon /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
4.0 million
Population density:
385 per square kilometre.
Median age:
29 years
Population growth
1.1%
Fertility
1.9 children/woman.
MENA rank: 4 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Through the 20th century, the population of Lebanon doubled 6 times. Lebanon was already in 1900 a country with a population density of almost 60 per km².
Today the population growth rate is a highly moderate 1.1% per year, something that is a reflection that fertility rates, at 1.9 children per mother, now are below the critical minimum to substain a stable population. A population is far from very young, with a median age of 29 years (it is 22 in neighbouring Syria), indicates that the process towards Western-style demographic mechanisms has been going on for a while. Still the birth rate is 2.5 births per 1 death case, from which the population growth comes. But with a median age on the increase, this too will even out. It seems likely that Lebanon within the coming 10-30 years will reach zero growth. Still, projections make the 2050 population reach 7 million.
More information of demography is found in other Lebanon articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Total Density
(per km²)
Change
1890 574,000 55
1900 591,000 57 3%
1910 707,000 68 20%
1920 845,000 81 20%
1930 1,010,000 97 20%
1940 1,210,000 116 20%
1950 1,440,000 138 19%
1960 1,860,000 178 30%
1970 2,440,000 234 31%
1980 2,780,000 266 14%
1990 3,340,000 320 20%
2000 3,580,000 342 7%
2009 4,020,000 385 12%





By Tore Kjeilen