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U.A.E.
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Defense
4. Economy
a. Figures
5. Health
6. Education
a. Universities
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. History
12. Cities and Towns
13. Emirates



























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Open map of United Arab EmiratesFlag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates /
History


The earliest traces of settlement in the UAE region goes back to the 6th millennium BCE, the people being herders and craftsmen.
Middle 3rd millennium: Emergence of Magan, an oasis culture involved in trade with both Mesopotama and the Indus Valley.
Around 300: The prosperous town of Mleiha, where local coinage is in use.
Around 200 CE: Aramaic seems to become an important local language.
Around 240: Falls under the Sassanid Dynasty.
6th century: Christianity is introduced, in particular its Nestorian form.
Around 630: Facing the armed missionaries of Islam, locals formally become Muslims.
632: Death of Muhammad, and locals rebel agains the Muslim supremacy, thereby causing the war known as Ar-Ridda. Locals are defeated the same year at Dibba.
630's: Muslims establish Julfar as an important stronghold.
637: Julfar is used as staging post for the invasion of Iran.
892: Julfar is used by the Abbasids to conquer Oman.
963: Comes under control of the Buyids.
15th century: The Bani Yas tribe emerges as a strong regional group, centered to the Liwa oasis.
16th century: With increased sea traffic along its coast, piracy becomes increasingly important part of local economy.
16th century: The Portuguese starts trade here.
18th century: The British starts trade in this region.
— Eastern parts of modern UAE is under the control of the Qawasim, together with Musandam.
1790: Abu Dhabi becomes an important pearling centre, and is under control of the Bani Yas.
Early 19th century: A branch of the Bani Yas establish themselves in Dubai.
1819: British navy launches attacks on the pirate strongholds.
1820: The British force the Qawasim shaykhs to a sign a treaty ending piracy; piracy was reduced by not eradicated.
1835: Piracy ends, following more British pressure.
1853: A treaty signed between the shaykhs and the British. The region is given the name of 'Trucial coast'.
1873: The Trucial Coast becomes administered by the British.
1892: A new agreement, the shaykhs gives the British effective control over foreign matters. The British offers military protection in return.
1930's: The market for natural collapses, because of world depression and the introduction of the cultural pearl. This way the lands of the future UAE lost its most important source of export revenue, and caused deep poverty for many. The emirs of Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Sharjah signs agreements to start oil exploration.
Late 1940's: Agreements on starting oil exploration are signed with the emirs of Ras al-Khaimah, Umm al-Qaiwain and Ajman).
1952: The seven emirates establishes a Trucial Council.

Abu Dhabi in the 1960's
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Abu Dhabi in the 1960's.

1962: First export of oil from Abu Dhabi.
1969: First export of oil from Dubai.
1970: Independence is given to the emirates.
1971 July 10: Six emirs agree to form a union, this excluded the emir of Ras al-Khaimah.
December 2: United Arab Emirates is established by the lands of the 6 emirs.
1972: The emir of Ras al-Khaimah joins the United Arab Emirates.
1991: UAE participates on the United Nation's side in the conflict with Iraq.
2001: Expatriate pupils and students are excluded from government schools.
2006: The excluding of expatriates from government schools is anulled.
September 1: Weekend changes from Western to Muslim; Friday and Saturday is the official weekend for all public sector establishments as well as government schools and universities, Sunday becomes a normal work day.




By Tore Kjeilen