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Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map



























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1650-1550 BCE


Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt /
Second Intermediate Period



Dynasties
15th Dynasty
Also simply called Hyksos, 1650-1550, the full 100 years of this period.
16th Dynasty
These were vassals of the Hyksos 1650-1580, first 70 years.
17th Dynasty
1580-1550, last 30 years.

Hyksos

Terracotta figure of the Hyksos, with Asiatic artistic elements.

Period of Ancient Egypt, 1650-1550 BCE, 100 years, in which central authority was largely lost. This period saw a division between north and south, Lower and Upper Egypts, but it was a stable period, without warfare between the lands.Three dynasties are defined for it: The 15th (Hyksos) lasted the entire period and ruled the north from their capital, Avaris. Parallel to it was first the 16th and finally the 17th Dynasty, both ruling from Thebes.
Egypt had been divided between the north and south for more than 100 years before this intermediate period is defined to begin. Considering what defines an intermediate period, the second would better be defined to be 1773-1550, 223 years, from the 13th through to the 17th Dynasty.
The 15th Dynasty was effective but had its political and cultural focus on Syria-Palestine, very possibly were their homelands. The 16th Dynasty appears weak and poor, but a cultural and political resurgence happened with the 17th, which actually manages to reunite Egypt. It is from the 17th that the 18th Dynasty emerges; it can well be questioned whether they shall be considered separate.
Egyptian culture and art went into a weak period, but the central aspects seems to have survived. Cultural continuance seems to have happened mostly in the south, and in Thebes, Edfu and Kom al-Ahmar several monuments have been identified, although noted for their crude artistry.
Until the very end, the 15th and 17th Dynasty seem to have been at peace, as the Hyksos had little interest in a southern expansion. The conclusion of this period, bringing forth the New Kingdom, came with the attack by the Theban kings.





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By Tore Kjeilen