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Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map

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1773-1650 BCE

Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / Middle Kingdom /
13th Dynasty

Years BCE
Wegaf 1773-1769
Ameny Intef 4 1769-1760
Hor Around 1760
Sobekhotep 2 Around 1750
Khendjer Around 1747
Sobekhotep 3 Around 1745
Neferhotep 1 1741-1730
Sobekhotep 4 1730-1720
Ay ?
Neferhotep 2 ?

Dynasty of Ancient Egypt 1773-1650 BCE, 113 years, consisting of an unknown number of kings, between 10 and 70. It ran parallel to the 14th Dynasty, the two are defined as part of the Middle Kingdom, representing the last period and decline.
This dynasty ruled from a new capital, Itj-towy, which has never been located, but which appears to have been in the middle of Egypt. Much of the administration was also dealt with from Memphis.
The shift from the 12th to the 13th Dynasty was undramatic, but the new rulers came from a new family. The king list to the left may well be incomplete, but few other kings can have stayed on the throne for more than a few months. Also, within this dynasty, there were other claimants to the throne, who may have been included in the king lists.
During this dynasty, Egypt kept its control over Lower Nubia.
Through the decline in central power through this period, private monuments testify that Egypt was still a prosperous country. The power of the king was largely replaced with the power of the vizier, who kept the king as the symbolic leader. One family's control over the viziership came to be more stable than the transfer of kingship.
This dynasty came to end by military defeat to the Hyksos. With this shift, the Middle Kingdom came to an end, and the Second Intermediate Period begins, but the cultural and economic transition was probably smooth.

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By Tore Kjeilen