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Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map

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1580-1550 BCE

Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / Second Intermediate Period /
17th Dynasty

Showing only known rulers. Years BCE
Sobekemsaf 2 ?
Intef 7 ?
Tao 1 ?
Tao 2 ?
Kamose until 1550

Possibly coffin of Intef 7
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Possibly coffin of Intef 7. Photo: Captmondo.

Mummy of Sobekemsaf 2

Mummy of Sobekemsaf 2 with several holes in the skull indicating a violent death, most likely in battle.

Dynasty of Ancient Egypt 1580-1550 BCE, 30 years, consisting of several rulers, possibly 9 in total. The earlier kings were named Intef. This dynasty represents the conclusion of the Second Intermediate Period, and from it, the 18th Dynasty of Egypt, which reunited the country and began the New Kingdom is derived directly.
In reality it may even have been several dynasties as the kings of this period came from several different families.
The 17th Dynasty was, like the 16th, based in Thebes. Although their land was small, this dynasty was culturally strong, preserving much of art and customs from the Middle Kingdom. They used large and heavy coffins for royal burials, decorated with vulture-wings. Their tombs were primitive, cut directly into the hillside on the west bank from Thebes, fronted by small step-pyramids.
During the earlier years, the rulers of this dynasty effectively had a truce with the 15th Dynasty of the north, also called Hyksos. Versions vary on who began war on the Hyksos and who finally defeated them. All agree that Kamose was the most important king in this game, but most suggest that it was Ahmose 1 who won the final battle. Ahmose is listed as first king of 18th Dynasty, but he was the brother of Kamose.
The Hyksos were attacked during a time of political stability between the rulers of Egypt. It came very much as a surprise for the 15th Dynasty kings, who were defeated within short time, 3 years or less. The Hyksos capital, Avaris, was completely destroyed by Ahmose's army, and the Hyksos driven out of Egypt.

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By Tore Kjeilen