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Algeria
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Defense
4. Economy
a. Figures
b. Currency
5. Health
6. Education
a. Universities
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. Human rights
12. History
13. Cities and Towns



























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Open map of AlgeriaAlgeria /
Economy



Algerian 100 dinars
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Key figures
GDP per capita
US$6,900.
World average: -35%.
MENA rank: 13 of 23.
GDP
US$233 billion.
MENA rank: 5 of 23.
List of figuresAll other figures
Corruption
2.8 points of 10 max.
World rank: 111 of 180.
MENA rank: 12 of 21.
Investment friendly
World rank: 132 of 181.
MENA rank: 16 of 21.
Economic freedom
56.6 points of 100 max.
World rank: 107 of 179.
MENA rank: 15 of 19.
Currency
Dinar, DZD

Value of currencyDetailed article
(present and historical)


Algerian 200 dinars
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Algerian 500 dinars
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Algerian 1000 dinars
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Algeria's economy is to a major degree determined by the present political situation. Before the civil strife began around 1992, Algeria had a fairly diversified economy, and the frames of this have probably survived the clashes that still take place.
Most important to Algeria's economy are oil and agriculture. But large parts of the revenues from oil do not reach the average Algerian, thanks to corruption and badly planned projects.
Agriculture has suffered from the same politics, and has been little advanced since the colonial period. Inefficiency and low production have made Algeria change from being a net exporter to being a net importer of food.
Other industries focus on the domestic market as well as on the export of semi-refined goods to Europe. This industry has suffered heavily from the political instability in the recent years.
Living standards among Algerians have dropped dramatically during the last 10-15 years, but this is more a cause of today's political situation than the result of it. Algeria has had a considerable middle class and upper class, but a growing portion of the population has lost the benefits of the society.
The welfare system, once working well in Algeria, has gradually weakened to such a level that in many areas only the voluntary Islamists have anything to offer the sick, the poor and the unemployed. Slums, real slums, so rare in the Muslim world, have become a real problem in many of the country's larger cities.




By Tore Kjeilen