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1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Defense
4. Economy
a. Figures
b. Currency
5. Health
6. Education
a. Universities
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. Human rights
12. History
13. Cities and Towns

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Open map of AlgeriaAlgeria /

Key figures
Army 120,000
Navy and coast 7,500
Air force 10,000
Reserves 150,000

Algeria has compulsory service for males only, ages 18 to 30. Military training is 18 months, 6 first basic military training, the last 12 civil work.
Algeria's defense budget was US$3 billion (2006), with Russia as main provider of arms, China being a good number two. Algeria's military is mainly concerned about internal threats, more than matters with its neighbours. Internal threats are dealt with both with direct actions, as well as continuous surveillance.
Among Algeria's foreign challenges, the situation with Morocco remains unresolved, largely over the issue of Western Sahara. Algeria continues to support Polisario, but over recent years, there has been little fighting here.
The army equipment includes 920 main battle tanks, 139 reconnaissance vehicles, 1,084 armored infantry fighting vehicles, 910 armored personnel carriers, 375 towed artillery, 170 self-propelled artillery, 144 multiple rocket launchers, 330 mortars, an unspecified number of antitank guided weapons, 180 recoilless launchers, 300 antitank guns, at 288 or more surface-to-air missiles, about 875 air defense guns, and an unspecified number of surface-to-air missiles.
Navy equipment is 2 submarines, 9 principal surface combatants, 22 patrol and coastal combatants, 3 amphibious craft and 3 logistics and support craft. The Navy and Coast Guard has 4 bases, at Mers al-Kebir, Algiers, Jijel and Annaba.
Air force equipment is 204 combat aircraft and 33 attack helicopters.
There are no foreign forces stationed in Algeria.

By Tore Kjeilen