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Turkey
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Demographics
Open map of TurkeyFlag of TurkeyTurkey /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
76.8 million
Population density:
98 per square kilometre.
Median age:
28 years
Population growth
1.3%
Fertility
2.2 children/woman.
MENA rank: 5 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Turkey's population doubled only 6 times through the 20th century, which is a low figure. The population was relatively high in 1900, but much of the explanation comes from the tragic events in the early years of Turkish republic, and the cleansings of Christians from the emerging Muslim state, when between 3 and 5 million Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks were killed or driven out of their homelands. Parallel to this, there also was a substantial immigration of Turks from former Ottoman territory.
At present the population growth is 1.3% per year, which is neither high nor low. The fertility rate is 2.2 children per mother, which is only marginally higher than the critical level of what is needed to keep a stable population. Birthrate is 3 times the death rate, but with a median age of 28, Turkey seems to close in on European countries and may well drop to zero growth relatively soon. Emigration used to be of great importance, but today the direction of migrations has turned, and Turkey now sees a net immigration of 45,000 people a year.
Population projections stipulate more than 100 million inhabitants by the middle of the century, but the factors mentioned above may well make it stabilize at around 90 million.
More information of demography is found in other Iran articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Density
(per km²)
Change
1800 5,600,000 7
1810 5,890,000 7 5%
1820 6,190,000 8 5%
1830 6,510,000 8 5%
1840 6,850,000 9 5%
1850 7,200,000 9 5%
1860 7,960,000 10 11%
1870 8,800,000 11 11%
1880 9,700,000 12 10%
1900 11,900,000 15 23%
1910 12,700,000 16 7%
1920 12,900,000 17 2%
1930 14,400,000 18 12%
1940 17,800,000 23 24%
1950 20,800,000 27 17%
1960 27,800,000 36 34%
1970 35,300,000 45 27%
1980 44,500,000 57 26%
1990 56,700,000 73 27%
2000
Census October 22
67,800,000 87 20%
2009 76,800,000 98 13%





By Tore Kjeilen