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Syria
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns



























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Open map of SyriaFlag of SyriaSyria /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
20.2 million
Population density:
109 per square kilometre.
Median age:
22 years
Population growth
2.1%
Fertility
3.1 children/woman.
MENA rank: 14 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Through the 20th century, the population of Syria doubled 18 times, which is a very high figure for a non-oil country. There was a giant leap ahead in the 1910's following the Armenian and Assyrian genocides by emerging Turkey, when many of the refugees settled in Syria. But population growth has comparatively high ever since the 1930's.
The slowing down of population growth in the 2000's is noticeable, but 2.1% growth per year as of 2009 is high. Behind these figures is the 3.1 children per mother in 1999, but at this point we see that changes happen; it was 5.4 only ten years ago, in 1999. Median age is on its way up, but the Syrian population is still in average young at 22 years. This causes the effects in dropping fertility rates yet to take full effect, there are still 5.6 births per 1 death case in 2009; it was 7.3 in 1989.
To what degree the positive changes in the population growth mechanisms will continue is hard assess for a country like Syria. Projections for Syria indicate that the population will more than double by the year 2050, exceeding 40 million.
More information of demography is found in other Syria articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Density
(per km²)
Change
1890 865,000 5
1900 946,000 5 9%
1910 890,000 5 6%
1920 1,740,000 9 96%
1930 1,950,000 10 12%
1940 2,600,000 14 33%
1950 3,500,000 19 35%
1960 4,570,000 25 31%
1970 6,380,000 34 40%
1980 8,980,000 49 41%
1990 12,500,000 68 39%
2000 16,300,000 88 30%
2009 20,200,000 109 24%





By Tore Kjeilen