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Islam
INTRODUCTION
1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
9. Cultic personalities
10. Caliph
11. Structures
12. Popular religion
13. Others
14. Calendar



























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Islam /
Theology


Few things in the modern world have been caught in a sadder web than Islamic theology. Whereas Muslims agree upon the Koran, a huge collection of extra-Koranical texts have been given a divine quality and are used as equally imperative to Muslim regulations. In some cases extra-Koranical texts have taken presedence over Koranic texts. The consequence is a religion that has very, very little to do with the origins, largely being the cause of today's shift towards intolerance, rigidity and stagnation.

Methods
Batin
Bid'a
Tafsir
Taqlid
Ta'wil
Zahir

Schools
Ash'aris
Batiniya
Mu'tazilis
Zahiriya

Law schools, see Madhhab

Positions
Ayatullah
Imam
Mullah
Ulama

Sources
Koran
Hadith
Sira

Definitions
Ahl al-Kitab
Allah
Iblis
Jihad

Theologians
9th century
At-Tabari
10th century
Abu al-Hassan al-Ash'ari
Al-Farabi
11th century
Al-Ghazzali
12th century
Ar-Razi
Az-Zamakhshari
13th century
Al-Baidawi
Ibn Taymiya
15th century
As-Suyuti
20th century
Abd al-Karim Haeri Yazdi

Related terms
Sharia
Sunna






By Tore Kjeilen