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Islam
INTRODUCTION
1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
9. Cultic personalities
10. Caliph
11. Structures
12. Popular religion
13. Others
14. Calendar



























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Islam /
Popular religion


Popular religion in Islam designates ideas, customs and cults that cannot be traced to the earliest stages of the religion and/or to the original texts. Still, the elements of popular religion are by its adherents believed to be expressions of a correct understanding of the religion.
Using the term is difficult simply because of the many conflicting ideas concerning Islam. Also, it is difficult to ascertain when the founding period of the religion came to an end. It comes clear from Muslim sources that faith and practice was not settled at the beginning of Muhammad's mission, rather it developed all through the 22 years until his death in 632.

Hijab
is a head dress that was introduced in the 1970's, aiming at reconciling different versions of scarfs and dresses that hide most of, or all of, the hair.
Niqab
is a dress that predates Islam, but which has been strongly promoted by ill-learned teachers of Islam through the second half of the 20th century.
Marabout
is both a person and an institution of Maghreb, the countries of northwestern Africa.
Close to Marabout are the terms
Sidi and Lalla.
Zawiyya
is the structure and cults of holy men and women.
Baraka
blessing by items or individuals.
Waliy
is another form of holy man or woman, used more commonly in the Muslim world than marabout.





By Tore Kjeilen