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Iraq
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Defense
4. Economy
a. Figures
5. Health
6. Education
a. Universities
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. Human rights
12. History
13. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Political situation /
Open map of IraqFlag of IraqIraq /
Political situation



State leaders
Since 1921
Faisal 1
King
1921-1933
Ghazi 1
King
1933-1939
Abdullah bni Ali
Acting regent for infant Faisal 2
1939-1953
Faisal 2
King
1953-1958
Abdul Karim Qasim
Prime minister
1958-1963
Ahmad Hassan Bakr
Prime minister
1963
Abdul Salam Arif
President
1963-1966
Abdul Rahman Arif
President
1966-1968
Ahmad Hassan Bakr
President
1968-1979
Saddam Hussein
President
1979-2003
Under control of USA and Britain 2003-
Iyad Allawi
Interim Prime Minister with partial authority
2004-2005
Jalal Talabani
President
2005-

Iraqi National Assembly
Seats. General election January 30, 2005.
United Iraq Coalition 140
Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan 75
Iraqi List 40
The Iraqis 5
Iraqi Turkmen Front 3
National Independent Cadres and Elites 3
People's Union 2
Islamic Group of Kurdistan 2
Islamic Action Organization in Iraq 2
National Democratic Alliance 1
National Rafidain List 1
Reconciliation and Liberation Bloc 1
TOTAL 275

Before 2003
There is no freedom of speech in Iraq, and everything in the society is marked by the one man rule of Saddam Hussein, and there is heavy and effective political control.
By its constitution, Iraq has a democratic structure, where there are parliament elections where all citizens can vote. The president is then elected by the parliament. This system is however democratic only in theory, as the parties allowed to participate need the approval of the state to participate. And no opposing candidate would in the present political climate dare to challenge Saddam in the president elections.
Formally, Iraq is ruled by the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) which is best equated to a government, but this again is dominated by Saddam, who also serves as its head, as commander of the armed forces, and secretary general of the Ba'th Party.
The opposition of Iraq was granted limited rights in September 1991, and free elections were held by the Iraqi Kurds in May 1992.




By Tore Kjeilen