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Iraq
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Defense
4. Economy
a. Figures
5. Health
6. Education
a. Universities
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. Human rights
12. History
13. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Demographics
Open map of IraqFlag of IraqIraq /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
28.9 million
Population density:
66 per square kilometre.
Median age:
20 years
Population growth
2.5 %
Fertility
3.9 children/woman.
MENA rank: 17 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

The population of Iraq doubled 11 times through the 20th century, and the population growth rate remains very high in the 2000's, at 2.5% per year as for 2009.
But demographics of Iraq must be interpreted with care, as there is no data on immigration. Since 2003, Iraq has seen one of the largest migration waves in the world, first with refugees to neighbouring countries, later with many returning. Whether there now is a net immigration or not, and at what levels, we simply do not know.
The lack of information not only makes it difficult to make qualified estimates, it also reflects how little we know about demographic trends in Iraq. The truth is that everything we say about the present is based upon data from the 1980's.
It appears that Iraq has a high fertility rate, 3.9 children per mother as well as a young population. With a median age at 20 years a high percentage of the Iraqis are in child bearing age, and there are 6 births per 1 death case.
Even if growth is slower than before, down from 3.2% per year as of 1999, all factors indicate that the population will continue to grow fast in the coming 10 to 40 years. Projections for Iraq are among the most dramatic in the Middle East, suggesting that 65 million will live here by 2050, about 2.2 times the present population.
More information of demography is found in other Iran articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Density
(per km²)
Change
1867 1,280,000 3
1890 1,730,000 4
1900 2,060,000 5 19%
1910 2,450,000 6 19%
1920 2,890,000 7 18%
1930 3,350,000 8 16%
1935
Census
3,560,000 8
1940 3,720,000 9 11%
1945
Census
4,611,000 11
1950 5,200,000 12 40%
1960 6,890,000 16 33%
1970 10,100,000 23 47%
1980 14,100,000 32 40%
1987
Census
16,300,000 37
1990 18,800,000 43 33%
2000 22,700,000 52 21%
2009 28,900,000 66 27%





By Tore Kjeilen