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Islam
INTRODUCTION
1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
9. Cultic personalities
10. Caliph
11. Structures
12. Popular religion
13. Others
14. Calendar



























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Islam / Shi'i / Twelvers / Imam /
Musa al-Kazim
Arabic: 'abū l-hassani mūsā bni ja¢far



Shrine at Kazimayn, Baghdad, Iraq
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Shrine at Kazimayn, Baghdad, Iraq.

Shrine at Kazimayn, Baghdad, Iraq
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Portal to the holiest point in the shrine.

(745-799 CE) Seventh Imam of the Twelver Shi'i tradition.
Musa's Imamate coincided with one of the greatest periods of the persecution of the Shi'i community. Son of Jafar as Sadiq by a Berber slave named Hamida, he was 20 of age at his father's death. Initially his Imamate was very controversial with many Shi'i. Many recognized his brother Abdullah al-Aftali, or insisting that the Imamate had stayed with Ismail, Sadiq's oldest son, who had died while Sadiq was still living.
After this rocky start, Musa managed to gain the allegiance of most of the Shi'i community but as time went on persecution increased until it climaxed under the bloody reign of the Caliph Harun ar-Rashid. Hundreds of Alids were killed and Musa was arrested and brought to Baghdad to be executed. Surprisingly, Harun released Musa at the last minute, reportedly because of a dream. This respite was short lived and rearrested, Musa spent 6 years in prison before being poisoned.
His body was publicly displayed by Harun to dispel any rumors that he had escaped and was living in secret. He is buried with his grandson, Muhammad at Taqi in Kazimayn near Baghdad, Iraq. Their burial place is covered by a magnificent gold domed shrine.
Musa al-Kazim was succeeded by his son Ali ar-Rida.




By D. Josiya Negahban