Bookmark and Share

1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns

Open the online Arabic language course

Index / Economy /
Open map of SyriaFlag of SyriaSyria / Economy /

Figures here show 2008 estimates, unless otherwise noted. Economic factors can never be given with accuracy. Not because research is inadequate, but because reporting systems vary between companies and sectors, and with this variation follows statistical insecurity.

Per capita $4,600
Net $99 billion
Annual growth 5.1%
By sector Agriculture 19%
Industry 27%
Services 54%
Annual inflation rate 16%
Up 3.5% from previous year.
Foreign debts
Compared to GDP 7.2%
Net US$7.2 billion
Balance -12%
Exports US$14 billion
Main products Crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat
Main partners Iraq 31%; Germany 10%; Lebanon 10%; Italy 6%; France 6%; Egypt 5%; Saudi Arabia 5%
Imports US$16 billion
Main products Machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper
Main partners Saudi Arabia 12%; China 9%; Russia 6%; Italy 6%; Egypt 6%; UAE 6%; Turkey 4%; Iran 4%
Work life
Official unemployment 9%
Work force Agriculture 19%
Industry 15%
Services 66%
Population below poverty line 12%

By Tore Kjeilen