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Egypt
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. Human rights
11. History
12. Cities and Towns
13. Meaning of the name



























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Index / Demographics
Open map of EgyptFlag of EgyptEgypt /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
83.1 million
Population density:
83 per square kilometre.
Median age:
24 years
Population growth
2.0%
Fertility
2.7 children/woman.
MENA rank: 8 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

The population of Egypt doubled 7 times through the 20th century, a growth which by itself is not very dramatic. However, Egypt was already in 1900 a country with a substantial population, about 10 million, and today's figure of 83 million is very high considering how little of Egypt that is not barren desert. Egypt is since long overpopulated, perhaps the worst in this respect among the MENA countries.
After decades of considerable but stable growth, the growth rate has gone done somewhat in recent years. By 2009 it is at 1.6% per year, and the Egyptian mother gives birth to 2.7 children. Median age is 24 years, and there are about 4 births for every death case. Projections indicate between 110 and 120 million inhabitants by 2050, a population size that has necessitated ambitious projects, like the New Valley Project.
More information of demography is found in other Egypt articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Total Density (per km²) Change
1700 2,330,000 2.3
1800 3,850,000 3.8
1850 4,750,000 4.7
1875 6,960,000 6.9
1900 10,200,000 10
1910 11,700,000 12 15%
1920 13,200,000 13 13%
1930 14,800,000 15 12%
1940 16,900,000 17 14%
1950 20,300,000 20 20%
1960 25,900,000 26 28%
1970 35,300,000 35 36%
1980 43,900,000 44 24%
1990 54,700,000 55 25%
2000 68,400,000 68 25%
2009 83,100,000 83 21%





By Tore Kjeilen