Ancient Egypt / Third Intermediate Period / 25th Dynasty /
Ancient Sudan / Nubia / Cush /
Other spellings: Taharka; Taharqo; Tarku; Tarakos; Tirhaka
Throne name: Nefertemkhure
Taharqa was the nephew or brother of the previous king, Shabitqo. All information indicate that the succession was a peaceful one.
Taharqa was involved in rebuilding the temple at Kawa, across from Dongola (in modern Sudan), making it both an important political and religious centre. In addition to a number of other projects in Nubia, he also ordered restoration work at the Temple of Amon at Karnak, as well as Medinet Habu.
Taharqa helped the Jewish kings in their resistance against Assyria. Taharqa was defeated, and the Assyrian army under the leadership of Esarhaddon marched into Egypt, where they took control over Memphis and the royal harem. Taharqa had to escape to Upper Egypt.
As Esarhaddon left Egypt, he set up garrisons and made local chiefs leaders tax collectors. He made Neko 1 a ruler at Sais, thereby paving the ground for the 26th Dynasty. But Taharqa soon returned from his asylum, and defeated the Assyrian garrisons.
But the Assyrians returned under the leadership of Esarhaddon's son, Ashurbanipal. Taharqa fled once again, this time seeking safety in Nubia. Here he died, and was buried at Nuri. He was succeeded by his nephew Tanutanami, son of Shabitqo.
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