Bookmark and Share



























Open the online Arabic language course






Open map of TurkeyFlag of TurkeyTurkey / Cities and Towns /
Sanliurfa





Open street map

Sanliurfa

Sanliurfa, Turkey.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Photo: birasuegi.

Sanliurfa, Turkey.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Photo: birasuegi.

Sanliurfa, Turkey.
Sanliurfa, Turkey.

Sanliurfa, Turkey.
The bazaar of Sanliurfa, Turkey.

Sanliurfa, Turkey.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Mevlid-i Halil mosque. Photo: birasuegi.

City in southeastern Turkey with 390,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate), lying on a fertile plain with mountains on three sides. It is the capital of Sanliurfa province with 1.5 million inhabitants (2004 estimate).
The economy is based on trade of agricultural and livestock products of the surrounding region. The main products for exports are butter and wool.
The city is linked by main roads with Gaziantep 150 km west, Mardin 250 km east, Diyarbakir 250 km northeast and Syria 75 km south.
The main landmark of Sanliurfa is the ancient citadel situated on one of the hills overlooking the town. Parts of the old city walls still stand, as well as parts of the flood-prevention works built in the 6th century. Muslim sights include the 17th century madrasa and the mosque of Abd ar-Rahman.
Sanliurfa's millennia old importance comes from its position of controlling a strategic pass for trade routes between Anatolia and northern Mesopotamia.
A large part of the population of Sanliurfa are Kurds, and there is a sizeable minority of Arabs.

History
Sanliurfa has been settled for millenniums, and its first recorded name was from Aramaic, Urhai.
3rd century BCE: Urhai is made into a military settlement and renamed Edessa.
150 CE: Christianity is introduced in Edessa, and gradually one of the most important bishoprics of Syria would develop here.
638: Comes under control of the Muslim Arabs.
1098: Captured by the Christian Crusaders.
1147: Sacked by Ottoman troops.
15th century: Renamed Urfa.
1637: Comes under control of the Ottoman Empire.
1830's: Comes briefly under the control of the Egyptian governor Muhammad Ali Pasha.




By Tore Kjeilen