Bookmark and Share


Oman
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns



























Open the online Arabic language course






Index / Demographics
Open map of OmanFlag of OmanOman /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
3.4 million
Population density:
16 per square kilometre.
Median age:
19 years
Population growth
3.1%
Fertility
5.5 children/woman.
MENA rank: 21 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Oman had one of the fastest growing populations through the 20th century, when it doubled 11 times, but the indigenous population doubled only 9 times. The population growth continues in the 2000's; 2009 figure for annual growth is at 3.1%. The reason for this high figure is a fertility rate of 5.5 children per mother and a young population with median age at 19 years, which results few deaths: there are 9.5 births per death case. The immigration factor is now of minimal importance, the net immigration counts less than 1,000 persons per year.
All factors suggest a continued high population growth for Oman, projections indicate between 8 and 9 million by 2050. Oman is still far from a country facing overpopulation, even if water resources are limited.
More information of demography is found in other Oman articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Total Density
(per km²)
Change Nationals Foreigners
1890 184,000 0.9
1900 214,000 1 16%
1910 249,000 1 16%
1920 290,000 1 16%
1930 337,000 2 16%
1940 392,000 2 16%
1950 413,000 2 5%
1960 505,000 2 22%
1970 747,000 4 48%
1980 1,190,000 6 59%
1990 1,460,000 6 23%
2000 2,530,000 12 73% 79% 2,000,000 21% 530,000
2009 3,420,000 16 46% 83% 2,840,000 17% 580,000





By Tore Kjeilen