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Mauritania
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Defense
5. Health
6. Education
a. Universities
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. Human rights
12. History
13. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Demographics
Open map of MauritaniaFlag of MauritaniaMauritania /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
3.1 million
Population density:
3 per square kilometre.
Median age:
19 years
Population growth
2.4%
Fertility
4.5 children/woman.
MENA rank: 19 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Through the 20th century, the population of Mauritania doubled 5 times, which is one of the slowest growths of any MENA country. The reason for this is poverty and a poor infrastructure. Fertility rates in Mauritania has always been very high, but high mortality has kept the population at balance.
Mauritania remains a very poor country with miserable services at all levels and aspects of society. Even now, the average Mauritanian mother gives birth to 4.5 children, but this represents a great improvement over recent years, down from almost 8 children per mother in the 1980's.
Still, population growth is 2.4%, which by itself is high but dramatic. What keeps growth much lower than fertility is the very same factors that prevailed through the 20th century: short life expectancy and high death rates.
Mauritania has a young population, median age is 19 years, and population projections indicate that there will be 8 million inhabitants here by 2050. Everything considered, 2050 population may well reach and pass 10 million.
More information of demography is found in other Mauritania articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Total Density
(per km²)
Change
1890 482,000 0.5
1900 502,000 0.5 4%
1910 554,000 0.5 10%
1920 612,000 0.6 10%
1930 676,000 0.7 11%
1940 747,000 0.7 11%
1950 781,000 0.8 5%
1960 970,000 0.9 24%
1970 1,260,000 1 30%
1980 1,600,000 2 27%
1990 1,930,000 2 21%
2000 2,670,000 3 38%
2009 3,130,000 3 17%





By Tore Kjeilen