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The Great Mosque of the Seljuqs. Malatya, Turkey.
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The Great Mosque of the Seljuqs. Photo: Sarah Murray.

The Great Mosque of the Seljuqs. Malatya, Turkey.
Malatya, Turkey.

Malatya, Turkey.
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City in east-central Turkey with 380,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate), lying on a fertile plain by the Tohma river, a tributary to the Euphrates, on the foot of Malatya Mountains, which is a part of the Taurus Mountains. It is the capital of Malatya Provice with 850,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate).
Malatya's busy industry produce textiles, sugar, cement and wine. Malatya also serves as the economic and administrative centre for the regions agriculture, producing cereals, fruits, vegetables, cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar beets and possibly opium. The region has also got deposits of chrome, lead and copper.
Malatya is a rail and road junction for the Aleppo, Syria-Samsun line. Closer lies Elazig and Diyarbakir.
Modern Malatya is a lively and active city, but with no ancient landmarks. Eski Malatya (corresponding to the Roman city of Melitene) and Aslantepe (corresponding to the Hittite city of Milid) has several landmarks. Eski Malatya's main sights are the Seljuq Great Mosque and the caravansary, both from the 13th century. Aslantepe boasts of a 5,000 year old Hittite palace.

Around 100 CE: Melitene is granted city status by the Roman emperor, and would develop into becoming the Roman capital of Asia Minor.
757: Melitene is razed by the Byzantine, and then rebuilt by the command of the Abbasid caliphs.
12th century: Conquered by Seljuq Turks.
1515: Becomes part of the Ottoman Empire.
1838: The modern Malatya is founded, south of the ancient settlements of the Milid and Melitene.
1893: Malatya is rebuilt following an earthquake.
1895: Local Armenians are massacred by the Turks.
1975: Inönü University is founded.

By Tore Kjeilen