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Open map of TurkeyFlag of TurkeyTurkey / Geography /
Open map of SyriaFlag of SyriaSyria / Geography /
Open map of IraqFlag of IraqIraq / Geography /
Euphrates
Turkish: Firat
Arabic: 'al-furāt



Euphrates river, in the region of Sanliurfa, Turkey. Photo: sly06.
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Euphrates river, in the region of Sanliurfa, Turkey. Photo: sly06.

Tigris Euphrates Baghdad Turkey Iran Iraq Syria Persian Gulf

The early stretches of the Euphrates river, here in Turkey. Photo: Nik Wheeler/Corbis.
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The early stretches of the Euphrates river, here in Turkey. Photo: Nik Wheeler/Corbis.

The Euphrates near the village of Dura Europos, southeastern Syria. Photo: Verity Cridland.
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The Euphrates near the village of Dura Europos, southeastern Syria. Photo: Verity Cridland.

The Euphrates at Al-Anbar, Iraq. Photo: Jayel Aheram.
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The Euphrates at Al-Anbar, Iraq. Photo: Jayel Aheram.

An Iraqi barrage of the Euphrates, 100 km northwest of Ramadi. Photo: ESA/NASA.
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An Iraqi barrage of the Euphrates, 100 km northwest of Ramadi. Photo: ESA/NASA.

River in the Middle East, rising in Turkey, passing through Syria before it ends in Iraq where together with Tigris it forms the Shatt al-Arab river way.
Euphrates is 2,735 km long and has a discharge of 900,000 litres per second. The surface of the river is 450,000 kmē. The Euphrates gets 90% of its water from Turkey, through a set of tributary rivers like Karasu, Murat and Khabur.
About 1,230 km of the run is in Turkey, 710 km in Syria and 1,060 km in Iraq.




By Tore Kjeilen