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Open map of MoroccoFlag of MoroccoMorocco / Cities and Towns /
Chefchaouen
Arabic: shafshāwan
Other spellings: Chaouen; Chechaouen; Xauen





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Chefchaouen

Chefchaouen, Morocco.
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Chefchaouen, Morocco.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Chefchaouen, Morocco.
Chefchaouen, Morocco.

Chefchaouen, Morocco.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Travel information from
LookLex / Morocco
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Town in northwestern Morocco with 40,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), at the western foot of the Rif Mountains.
It is the centre of an agricultural region, in which hashish is among the main products.
Chefchaouen lies beneath two mountain tops, known as Ech-Chaoua, "the horns." Chefchaouen means "Look at the horns."
Chefchaouen has good road connections to other urban centres in Morocco. Tangier is 120 km northwest, Tetouan is 65 km north, Al-Hoceima 215 km east, Fez 210 km south, Rabat 185 km southwest and Ksar el-Kebir 85 km west.
Chefchaouen is among Morocco's most beautiful towns, with its own distinct style, though close to the Andalucian, well-maintained houses all in white with usually blue doors along narrow streets climbing the mountainside. All around the town, fresh mountain water is provided by springs.
Chefchaouen was through the 19th century, centre for an extreme anti-European attitude. This was a combination of the local memory of having been driven out of Spain in the 15th and 16th centuries. Also, the region was the home of many marabouts, sacred men, causing strong religious sentiments. Until early 20th century, local Jews spoke an medieval form of Castillian.

History
1471: Founded by the warrior Abu Youma, but not on its present location.
Late 15th century: Chefchaouen becomes a refuge for Moorish refugees from Christian Spain.
16th century: Chefchaouen becomes part of a independent kingdom, before the Moroccan sultans defeat it.
19th century: Chefchaouen grows into a centre of religious extremism, into which Christians were denied permitted to enter.
1920 October 15: Occupied by the Spanish.
1924: Abdu l-Karim takes briefly control over Chefchaouen, establishing his headquarters here.
1926: Recaptured by the Spanish.
1956: Transferred to the newly independent kingdom of Morocco.




By Tore Kjeilen