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Bahrain
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Media
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. History
12. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Demographics
Open map of BahrainFlag of BahrainBahrain /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
0.7 million
Population density:
1,030 per square kilometre.
Median age:
39 years
Population growth
1.3 %
Fertility
2.5 children/woman.
MENA rank: 8 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Bahrain stands alone as an exception to the common situation of rich Gulf countries with a population explosion through the 20th century. The native population of Bahrain doubled 7 times over these 100 years, a substantial part of today's population are immigrants who by law never will obtain citizenship.
As of the 2000's, the population growth is a moderate 1.3% per year. The fertility rate is not awfully low, if compared with Iran f.x. or Western countries, where living standards are similar to the Bahraini. At 2.5 children per mother now it is down 1.0 over the last 20 years. Median age is now relatively high for the region, 30 years, meaning that a comparatively smaller part of the population are in a child bearing age. The growth in the foreign part of the population has been brought to a halt, now the percentage of nationals is on the increase.
Population projections take into consideration that population trends in Bahrain seem to be under control; it is suggested that 1.1 million will live here in 2050.
Other articles deal with the ethnic composition of Bahrain, as well as first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under Education.

Year Total Density
(per km²)
Change Nationals Foreigners
1700 9,000 13
1800 15,000 21
1900 68,000 96
1910 100,000 141 47%
1920 74,000 105 36%
1930 86,000 122 16%
1940 89,000 126 3%
1941
Census
89,970 127 82% 74,040 18% 15,930
1950
Census
109,650 155 23% 83% 91,179 17% 18,471
1959
Census
143,135 202 83% 118,734 17% 24,401
1960 152,000 215 39% 80% 122,000 20% 30,000
1970 220,000 311 45% 77% 170,000 23% 50,000
1980 347,000 491 57% 70% 243,000 30% 104,000
1990 520,000 736 50% 63% 330,000 37% 190,000
2000 634,000 896 22% 63% 400,000 37% 234,000
2009 728,000 1,030 16% 68% 493,000 32% 235,000





By Tore Kjeilen