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1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Media
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. History
12. Cities and Towns

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Index / Political situation /
Open map of BahrainFlag of BahrainBahrain /
Political situation

Until 1971: Hakims
1971-2002: Emirs
Since 2002: Kings

Ahmad 1783-1796
Abdullah 1796-1843
Salman 1 1796-1825
Khalifah 1825-1834
Muhammad 1 1834-1869
Muhammad 2 1869
Isa 1 1869-1932
Hamad 1 1932-1942
Salman 2 1942-1961
Isa 2 1961-1999
Hamad 2 1999-

Ruler: King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa.
Crown prince: Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa.
Prime minister: Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa.
National Assemblies: 20 seats, dissolved since 1975.

Bahrain has no democracy; it is controlled by one family, the al-Khalifas. In recent years there has been violent opposition from the country's Shi'i majority.
The family al-Khalifa has ruled the state since 1869, and the ruler has carried the title emir since independence in 1971. Despite these restrictive factors there is more freedom of speech and action than in neighbouring countries like Qatar and Saudi Arabia.
The liberty of lifestyles in Bahrain is fairly open.
There are 5 daily newspapers in Bahrain: Khaleej Times with a circulation of about 73,000; Gulf Daily News with a circulation of about 50,000; Al-Ayam with a circulation of about 37,000; Akhbaru l-Khalij with a circulation of about 17,000; and Bahrain Tribune with a circulation of about 13,000. There are 2 radio stations (one in both Arabic and English) and one TV-station with 5 channels.

By Tore Kjeilen