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1. The Red Pyramid

2. Interior

3. The Bent Pyramid

4. Pyramid satellite

5. Details

6. Amenemhet 3 pyramid

7. Sesostris 3 pyramid


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The Bent Pyramid

The Bent Pyramid at Dahshur, Egypt

The Bent Pyramid at Dahshur, Egypt

Snefru was a pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty. He ruled for 25 years, from 2613 until 2589 BCE. For more information check the the Encyclopaedia: Snefru.
Among the many unanswered questions of ancient Egypt, the Bent Pyramid has one of the most central: Why did the engineers suddenly change its angle?
At the height of 53 metres the pyramid changes its angle from 54°, to only 43°. The Bent Pyramid is among the earliest pyramids the Egyptians built, and it is clear that the knowledge about great constructions was not yet fully developed. Later, pyramids would have sides with an angle of 52°, not as steep as the lower part of this, but far steeper than its top.
The question is: did the engineers change the angle because they were scared that the pyramid would fall in? Or did they change because they were short of time — perhaps because Pharaoh Snefru had died? Nobody really knows, and there would never be built another bent pyramid.
If the first theory is correct, the Bent Pyramid gives us a dramatic illustration of the early development of Egyptian pyramid architecture.
The Bent Pyramid si 105 metres high, 24 metres less than it would have been if the angle of 52° had been continued.
Whether it was a result of insecure engineering, the Bent Pyramid is yet the pyramid with the largest portion of its original casing left. And of the 3 pyramids that Snefru had built, this became the one where he was buried.

The Bent Pyramid at Dahshur, Egypt

By Tore Kjeilen