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Index / Languages /
Turkic languages



Languages
Figures in 1000
% of all Turkic speakers
Turkish
59,830 77.0%
Azerbaijani
13,500 17.0%
Turkmen
2,150 2.7%
Qashqai
1,500 1.9%
Khorasani
700 0.9%
Balkan Gagauz Turkish
415 0.5%
Khalaj
55 ;0.1%
Kazakh
8 <0.1%
Uzbek, Southern
3 <0.1%
TOTAL
78,200 16.0%
By country
Figures in 1000
Turkey
59,830 79.0%
Iran
16,200 22.0%
Iraq
1,150 4.0%
Syria
210 1.0%

Total calculated to the MENA, with 490 million inhabitants.

Language family; representing several different languages with similarities in structure and history. Turkic languages represent a subdivision of the Altaic language family.
The fundamental features which distinguish the Altaic languages from the Indo-European are:
  1. Vowel harmony.
  2. The absence of gender.
  3. Agglutination (words are composed of a sequence of word elements, each of representing only one grammatical category.)
  4. Adjectives precede nouns.
  5. Verbs come at the end of the sentence.





By Tore Kjeilen