Lebanon / Cities and Towns /
tarāblus or tarāblus 'ash-shām
City in Lebanon with 210,000 inhabitants (2003 estimate), the administrative centre of the Shamal governorate, in the north of the country and on the coast facing the Mediterranean Sea, and at the mouth of Abu Alihama River.
Tripoli is the second largest and important port of Lebanon. The city is also a commercial and industrial centre, as well as a popular beach resort for northern Lebanon. Among the city's industries, are production of soap, cotton products, fishing of sponges, cultivation of and processing of tobacco and fruit and oil refining.
The main attractions of Tripoli are the Teylan Mosque of 1336 and the Great Mosque of 1294.
Around 700 BCE: Founded by a federation consisting of 3 Phoenician cities; Arados (north), Sidon and Tyre (both south).
539: Together with the other Phoenician city states, Tripoli is conquered by the Persians.
4th century: The Persian emperor makes Tripoli the capital over its original founding cities.
333: Conquered together with the rest of the region by Alexander the Great.
200: Becomes part of the Hellenistic Seleucid kingdom.
638 CE: Muslim Arabs take control over Tripoli.
1102: Captured by Christian Crusaders, and becomes the main city of the Christian Countship of Tripoli, covering the area of the Mediterranean coast from modern Jablah, Syria in the north to Juniyah, Lebanon in the south.
1289: City destroyed during a war with the Mamluks of Egypt, in which the Mamluks include it in their territory.
1516: Together with the rest of the Middle East, Tripoli comes under Ottoman control.
1830's: Occupied by the Egyptians, but is still a dependency of the Ottoman Empire.
1920: Becomes part of the French mandate Lebanon.
1946: Lebanon gains its independence.
1958: An insurrection against the Christian government of Lebanon starts in Tripoli.
1975: A second insurrection against the Christian government of Lebanon starts in Tripoli, as a part of what would escalate into the Lebanese Civil War.
1985: Syrian troops move in and takes effective control over Tripoli, and remained here for almost 20 years.
2004: Syria withdraws its troops from Lebanon, allowing Tripoli to fall back under control of Lebanese government of Beirut.