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Open map of OmanFlag of OmanOman / Cities and Towns
Arabic: suhār
Other spellings: Sohar

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The fort of Suhar, Oman.
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The fort of Suhar, Oman.

City of northern Oman with 110,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), on the Gulf of Oman. It is the capital of Batina Region with an area of 12,500 km² and 780,000 inhabitants.
Fishing and agriculture has been, and remains, the backbone of Suhar's economy. It specialize in dates, ghee and dried limes. Livestock raising deals largely with goats.
Suhar is relatively well-connected to to other urban centres of Oman, a highway passes here, and Musqat is 220 km southeast.
Suhar is made up from two centres, where the older one is set around the fort, where most of the existing structures date to the 17th century.
In the Arabian Nights it appears that Sinbad the Sailor was born in Suhar.

Suhar has been inhabited through prehistoric times. It was the site of ancient copper mines.
1st millennium BCE: The site of Suhar serves as the site of Magan Empire. It may have been named Omana.
620: Early Muslims arrive in Suhar to spread the new religion of Islam.
632: Upon his death, the founder of Islam, Muhammad, is buried in silk from Suhar.
10th century: Suhar emerges as a rich and important city, covering an area 3 times that of the modern city.
14th century: Suhar becomes part of the Kingdom of Hormuz.
1507: Suhar surrenders without fight to the Portuguese.
Early 17th century: The Portuguese lose control over Suhar.
1744: The governor of Suhar, Ahmad bin Said Abu Said, is elected governor of Oman, at an assembly at Nizwa. From him the present ruling family originates.
2002: The port of Suhar is organized into a special industrial port.

By Tore Kjeilen