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Open map of OmanFlag of OmanOman / Cities and Towns
Nizwa
Arabic: nizwā






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Nizwa

Nizwa, Oman

Nizwa fort.

Nizwa, Oman
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Town in north-central Oman with 70,000 inhabitants (2009 estimate), capital of the Dakhiliya region with 320,000 inhabitants (2009 estimate) and a surface area of 31,900 km².
In the 1950's Nizwa was capital of a shortlived independent state named Imamate of Oman.
Nizwa is located at the crossroads of old trade routes between Musqat, the Persian Gulf and the Dhofar. The traditional economy of agriculture remains of great importance to modern Nizwa, dates being the main crop. Nizwa itself receives very moderate amounts of rain, ca. 100 mm annually, but benefits from the rain caught by the Hajar Mountains.
Nizwa is well-connected to other urban centres of Oman, 170 km southwest of the capital of Musqat.
the 17th century Nizwa fort is the finest in Oman. The town also holds several ancient mosques, of which the 9th century Su'al is the oldest.
There is a Technical Collage in Nizwa.

History
Nizwa is one of the longest inhabited towns of Oman.
12th century: Becomes the capital of Oman.
1744: The governor of Suhar, Ahmad bin Said Abu Said, is elected governor of Oman, at an assembly at Nizwa. From him the present ruling family originates.
1954: With Nizwa as capital, The Imamate of Oman is declared by Imam Ghalib ibn Ali.
1959: The regional independence is defeated by British troops; Nizwa becomes subject to Musqat and Sultan Said ibn Taimur.




By Tore Kjeilen