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Open map of United Arab EmiratesAlgeria / Cities and Towns /
Setif
Arabic: satīf





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Setif

Setif, Algeria.
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Setif, Algeria. Photo: Adel Kamel.

Oussama Ibn Zaid Mosque.
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Oussama Ibn Zaid Mosque. Photo: Zedam Nabil.

Setif, Algeria.
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Photo: diebmx.

The Oued el-Bared, landscape near Setif, Algeria.
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The Oued el-Bared, landscape near Setif. Photo: Zedam Nabil.

City in northeastern Algeria with 230,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), south of the Babor Mountains in the Kabylia, at an elevation of 1,096 metres.
It is the capital of Setif province with 1.45 million inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 6,504 km².
The local economy deals both with trade and industries. The trade is mainly in grain and livestock from the surrounding region. Locally produced wheat is processed by local factories to produce semolina, couscous and noodles. Other industries are woodworking, manufacture of carpets and metal handicrafts. Zinc is extracted from nearby deposits and there are hydroelectric development to the north. Extraction of phosphate used to be of great importance, but the deposits have declined much.
Setif is well-connected by rail and road with other urban centres of Algeria. Constantine lies 200 km to the east.
The centre of Setif follows the pattern laid out by the French. There are remains of a Byzantine fortress north of the city, but nearer is a Roman necropolis.
Setif has a university, the University of Setif, which opened in 1978.

History
97 CE: Founded by the Romans as a colony for veterans, and named Sitifis.
297: The province of Mauretania Sitifensis is established, with Sitifis as the central city.
19th century: Occupied by the French.
1838: A garrison is established here.
1945: Muslim rebellion against the French, resulting in the deaths of more than 100 Europeans. The retaliation saw between 8,000 and 40,000 Muslims massacred.




By Tore Kjeilen