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Open map of United Arab EmiratesAlgeria / Cities and Towns /
Constantine
Arabic: qusuntīna





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Constantine

Constantine has one of North Africa's most dramatic settings for a city this large.
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Constantine has one of North Africa's most dramatic settings for a city this large.

Constantine, Algeria
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One of Constantine's several suspension bridges.

Constantine, Algeria
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Looking down the ravines.

Constantine, Algeria
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The new landmark of Constantine, the gigantic mosque.

French buildings.
A city with dramatic nature.


City in eastern Algeria with 530,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), situated on a plateau cut by a deep ravine, at an elevation of 640 metres above sea level.
It is the capital of Constantine province with 910,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 2,187 km².
The economic base is the manufacturing of leather, wool, and linen. Local agriculture produces cereal grains in quantities large enough for exporting. Constantine is the centre for commercial activities and has Algeria and Tunisia as its markets.
Constantine has excellent connections with other urban centres ins Algeria by road and rail. There is an airport 15 km to the south. Annaba lies 150 km northeast, and Algiers 430 km west.
The deep ravine runs right through the city, creating a dramatic effect and many beautiful sites. A number of bridges and a viaduct cross the ravine. The ravine is today filled with garbage. The old Muslim parts are dominated by narrow, winding thoroughfares and Oriental architecture. The modern city surrounds it, with its French section as well as newer quarters with modern Algerian buildings. Among Constantine's landmarks is the kasbah, a Roman fortress, the 18th century Mosque of Sidi el-Kattani and a 19th century palace.
Constantine has one university, the University of Constantine, which was founded in 1969. There are museums and important historical sites around the city.

History
1st millennium BCE: Is founded by Carthage and named Cirta Regia.
313 CE: A new, Roman city is established by Emperor Constantine the Great, at the place where the old Numidian city of Cirta had been.
7th century: The coming of Arabs does not change the city structures very much, but Arabic houses and buildings are added.
1837: Conquered by the French, in a second attempt.




By Tore Kjeilen