Arabic: nūriyy kāmil muhammad hassan 'al-mālikiyy
Pseudonym: Jawad al-Maliki
(1950-) Prime minister of Iraq since 2006.
During his 24 year exile (1979-2003) to Syria and Iran he developed close ties to Hizbullah and the regime of Iran, himself being a Shi'i Muslim. Still, US government considered him independent of Iran when they promoted his candidacy for prime minister in 2006.
As acting prime minister, he has repeatedly been accused of being too pro-Shi'i, causing division in the country. Still, through 2008, the security situation in Iraq has improved drastically.
He has always been a member of the Islamic Da'wa Party, of which he now is secretary-general. During his exile, he was strongly active in anti-Saddam Hussein activities.
1950 June 20: Born in Abu Gharaq, Iraq into an influential Shi'i family.
1979: Fearing that he would be killed by the order of Saddam Hussein, Maliki flees Iraq, settling in Damascus, Syria.
1980: Sentenced to death in absentia.
1982: Moves to Iran.
1990: Moves back to Damascus.
2005 October: Is the central Shi'i member of the committee formulating a new constitution for Iraq.
2006 May 20: Becomes prime minister, heading a 37 member government.
June 25: Presents a national reconciliation plan, aiming at removing militias form the streets and open dialogue with the fighting groups.
September 11: Visits Iranian president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad aiming at improving relations between the two countries.
December 30: Signs the death warrant of Saddam Hussein, who is hung by the neck the same day.