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Open map of IranFlag of IranIran / Cities and Towns /
Kermanshah
formerly Bukhtaran





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Kermanshah

Arch of Bostan in Kermanshah, Iran. It shows the Sassanid king, Shapur 2 of the 4th century CE.
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Arch of Bostan. in Kermanshah, Iran. It shows the Sassanid king, Shapur 2 of the 4th century CE. Photo: dynamosquito.

Tekyeh Mo'aven Ol Molk palace in Kermanshah, Iran.
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Tekyeh Mo'aven Ol Molk palace. Photo: dynamosquito.

Tekyeh Mo'aven Ol Molk palace in Kermanshah, Iran.
Street scene in Kermanshah, Iran

Kermanshah, Iran: Landscape seen from the Bostan site.
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Landscape seen from the Bostan site. Photo: dynamosquito.

City in western Iran with 750,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate). It is the capital of Kermanshah province with 1.95 million inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 24,641 km².
Situated in western Iran in the Qareh Su river valley, less than 200 km from Iraq, at an elevation of 1,320 metres above sea level. The city is surrounded by snowcapped mountains and gets very cold during winter months.
The economic base of Kermanshah is production of and commerce with respect to products like grain, flour, textiles, oil, sugar, electric equipment and carpets.
The majority of the population is Kurdish. Kermanshah is famous for its nearby historical sites, of which the Behistun inscription is the most important.

History
3rd century CE: Founded by the ruler of the Sassanid dynasty, Ardashir 1, it becomes an important stopover on the caravan route between the eastern Mediterranean Sea and Asia.
640: Conquered by the Arabs, and is named Qirmasin.
16th century: Fortifications are established around the city.
1915: Occupied by the Turks.
1950's: A paved road is built to the city, giving it new life. A large immigration of Kurds increases this population's presence in the city.
1990's: Name of city and province changes back to Kermanshah.




By Tore Kjeilen