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Iskenderun





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Iskenderun

Iskenderun, Turkey.
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Iskenderun, Turkey.

Iskenderun, Turkey.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Iskenderun, Turkey.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

City in southern Turkey with 230,000 inhabitants (2003 estimate), situated on the Mediterranean Sea (Gulf of Iskenderun) on an alluvial plain below the Nur Mountains.
Iskenderun's modern economy is based around the activities of its harbour and from the pipeline bringing oil from Kirkuk in Iraq. Among its own industries, are the production of fertilizers and steel, while the surrounding agricultural region produces cereals, tobacco and fruit. To some extent, tourism is also a part of the economy. It also serves as a military centre and naval base on the Mediterranean Sea.
Iskenderun is well connected with the rest of Turkey, as well as Syria. highways and a railway linking it with other Turkish towns. It is also linked by air with Adana, Ankara and Istanbul.
Iskenderun has undergone several schemes of modernization, and there is little left of the city's long history. Still, it is an appealing place, and is one of the most cosmopolitan places in Turkey, with sizeable Christian and Jewish minorities, which coexist well with the Muslim majority.

History
333 BCE: Probably founded in commemoration of Alexander the Great's victory over Darius 3 at Issus. It is named Alexandria ad Issum.
Around 1500 CE: Becomes the chief port of Aleppo inside the Ottoman Empire.
1920: Becomes part of the French mandate of Syria.
1937: Becomes part of the autonomous Sanjak province of Alexandretta.
1939: The district of Alexandretta is transferred to Turkey, and the city is renamed Iskenderun.




By Tore Kjeilen