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Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map

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1295-1186 BCE

Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / New Kingdom /
19th Dynasty

Years BCE
Ramses 1 1295-1294
Seti 1 1294-1279
Ramses 2 1279-1213
Merneptah 1213-1203
Amenmesse 1203-1200?
Seti 2 1200-1194
Siptah 1194-1188
Queen Tawsret 1188-1186

Decorations from the Tomb of Seti 1, Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt.
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Decorations from the Tomb of Seti 1, Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt.

Temple of Seti 1, Luxor, Egypt.
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Temple of Seti 1, Luxor, Egypt.

Ramses 2
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The actual Ramses 2, the real mummy. It is on display in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
(Large image also shows frontal.)

Dynasty of Ancient Egypt 1295-1186 BCE, 109 years, consisting of 8 rulers. It is defined as part of the New Kingdom.
This dynasty was founded by the vizier Ramses, replacing the 18th Dynasty which since long had not been ruled by hereditary kings, rather by high-ranking officials taking the position as king, namely Ay and Horemheb.
The apex of the dynasty came with the 2nd and 3rd rulers, Seti 1 and Ramses 2, father and son, who ruled for more than 80 years (almost 3/4 of the entire dynasty). Merneptah, the successor to Ramses 2, ruled for 10 years, a reign brief from his elevated age. The dynasty's last 17 years, before the shift to the 20th, was dominated by division and internal conflicts.
The 19th Dynasty's most important political achievements were the conquests in the Levant, in the lands of modern Israel, Palestine, Lebanon and Syria.
The 19th Dynasty saw one of the most profiled kings of Egyptian history, the megalomanic Ramses 2, building grand monuments all over Egypt.

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By Tore Kjeilen