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Ahvaz





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Ahvaz

The Karun river passing through Ahvaz.
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City in southwestern Iran with 890,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), situated on the Karun river. Ahvaz is the capital of the Khuzistan Province with 4.3 million inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 63,213 km².
Ahvaz is important as a transportation centre, thanks to a rail junction and navigation center provided by the Karun River. There are petroleum fields north of the city. Industries produce processed foods and textiles.
Shahid Chamran University, founded in 1955, is located in Ahvaz, along with several technical institutes.

History
Ahvaz is a very old city, known by the Achaemenids as Tareiana.
Around 230 CE: It becomes an important city under the Sasanian dynasty after king Ardashir 1 rebuilds it. He named it Hormuzd Ardashir. The river was dammed and irrigation systems built, helping the economy.
Around 500: Ahvaz becomes the seat of a bishop of the Nestorian Church.
Around 640: Is conqured by the Arab Muslims, renaming the city Suq al-Ahwaz.
19th century: The dam collapses, resulting in fast decline for Ahvaz's economy.
Early 20th century: Oil is discovered near Ahvaz, bringing strong economic growth to the city.
1980's: During the Iran-Iraq War, Ahvaz, is the scene for heavy fighting.
1989: A steel complex opens west of Ahvaz.




By Tore Kjeilen