Iran / Cities and Towns /
City in Iran with 330,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate). Situated in the south-western corner of Iran, on the island of Abadan, that lies in the river of Shatt al-Arab.
The economic base of the city is petroleum refining and shipping. Oil is transported from the Iranian oil fields in the north, through pipelines, to Abadan.
1847: The Agreement of Ezerum transfers Abadan from the Ottomans to Persia.
1908: Oil is discovered near Abadan.
1913: Abadan becomes the centre of oil refining for Persia.
1980-88: Much of the Iran-Iraq War is staged near Abadan, principally because the city's oil resources represent great wealth.