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Open map of JordanFlag of JordanJordan / Cities and Towns /
Zarqa
Arabic: 'az-zarqā'
Other spellings: al-Zarqa, az-Zarqa, ez Zarqa, Zerga, Zarqa', ez-Zer'a





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Zarqa

Zarqa, Jordan
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Zarqa, Jordan
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Zarqa, Jordan
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

City in northwestern Jordan with 510,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), in the river valley of Zarqa. It is the capital of the Zarqa Governorate with an area of 1,572 km² and 900,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate).
Zarqa thrives from the nearby phosphate mines, and is diverse industrial centre, counting for half of all industrial activity in Jordan. Much of Zarqa's success comes from the combination of cheap real estate and the proximity to Amman (15 km southwest). The city is excellently connected to all other urban centres of Jordan.
Zarqa was rapidly built to house the families of workers, and service local industries.
Zarqa's name is modern times linked with Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, deemed the foremost terrorist in Iraq (since 2003, the US/British-Iraq War) by Western nations, but a hero with many Islamists, who was born here. Zarqawi means 'of Zarqa'.

History
1970 September 12: The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) blows up 4 Western air crafts (passengers had been released) in Zarqa. This was the triggering cause for King Hussein to launch his attack on the PLO in Jordan, driving them out of the country and to Lebanon.




By Tore Kjeilen