Bookmark and Share

Open the online Arabic language course

Persia / Achaemenid Dynasty /
Xerxes 1
Old Persian: khshayarsha

Xerxes 1's tomb, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Iran.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Xerxes 1's tomb, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Iran.

(519?-465 BCE) King of Persia 486-465, belonging to the Achaemenid Dynasty.
His main achievements were to take control over Egypt, and the grand campaign of his to subdue Greece.
He depleted the wealth of Persia by building a great number of palaces and monuments, mainly at Persepolis.

519? BCE: Born as son of Darius 1 and Atossa, daughter of Cyrus 2 the Great.
490's: Becomes the ruler of Babylonia, second only to the Persian king, his father.
486: With the death of his father, Xerxes becomes new king.
484: Subdues a rebellion in Egypt with extreme methods.
— Abolishes the Kingdom of Babel and removed the gold statue of Marduk.
480: Launches a campaign against mainland Greek, swiftly taking control over the land, and burned the abandoned Athens.
September 29: Loses his fleet the battle at Salamis. Is after this no longer able to control more than parts of Greece. For Xerxes this loss would have great impact on him, and since then he retreated to his palaces.
465: Murdered at Persepolis together with his oldest son by a captain of the palace guard. He is succeeded by his son, Artaxerxes 1.

By Tore Kjeilen