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Judaism / Cult and Festivals /
Pesach



Article about the Jewish calendar

Celebrating Pesach.
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Celebrating Pesach. Photo: Debbie Galant.

Preparing food for Pesach.
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Preparing food for Pesach. Photo: SharonaGott.

Jewish celebration of Easter, in the memory of the time when their god Yahweh's killed all firstborn Egyptians, while Israelis were saved (Exodus 12:26-27).
Pesach is also called Passover, which actually is the correct translation of the Hebrew 'pesach'.
Jewish theology has changed the focus from the tragedy of the Egyptians to its result: The Israelis were now allowed to leave Egypt.
Pesach finds place during 7 days in the month of Nisan, and falls in March/April. Pesach is a mixture of several earlier festivals, and is strongly connected to agricultural feasts celebrating the harvest of corns.
Exodus 12
26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean you by this service?
27 That you shall say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses.
Pesach was in its earliest stages (more than 3,000 years ago) celebrated in local temples, but became centered to the temple of Jerusalem after the centralization of Jewish religion. Today, Pesach is celebrated in homes and in synagogues. On the evening of 14. Nisan a lamb is slaughtered, and blood of it shall be painted on the door frame of the house. The whole lamb shall be eaten quickly, but without breaking a single bone. To the lamb unleveled bread is eaten as well as bitter herbs.
The Samaritans also celebrate Pesach, but keep up the tradition of sacrificing a lamb on the mountain of Gerizim, just south of Nablus in Palestine.




By Tore Kjeilen