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In a religion, the structure or hierarchy of gods. A pantheon is used in slightly varying ways, from the simple overview of all gods wihtin one system, onto a system defining relations and powers between them.
A pantheon can always be used for polytheistic religions, and in most cases also for henotheistic.
Pantheons in the second sense are often defined through elaborte myths, telling about the beginnings of the world, the struggles between gods and how the powers of the gods came to be. This also serves to define the world, how the physical world came to be and what powers rule it.

By Tore Kjeilen