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Oslo Agreement

Agreement between PLO and Israel that was signed in Washington, USA on September 13, 1993. The name came from secret negotiations that had been conducted through 1993 outside Oslo in Norway.
The agreement was the result of an initiative that came from people around the leader of the Norwegian research organization FAFO (Fagforeningens Forskningsorganisasjon, owned by the Norwegian Labour Union), Terje Rød Larsen. After FAFO had conducted a large scale research program on living conditions in the occupied territories of Palestine, good contacts had been established between representatives of the Palestinians and Terje Rød Larsen. Terje Rød Larsen himself had good connections with leading politicians in the Norwegian Labour Party, which had for years been very close to the Israeli Labour Party — the government party in Israel at the time.
These two contacts, were used for an invitation of representatives for PLO and Israel's government, to have informal meetings in quiet and homely surroundings in Norway, far away from any form of media attention. A number of these meetings had as a final result a sketch to how "peace for land" could be conducted between the Palestinians and Israel.
The agreement was made publicly known in early September 1993, and was soon accepted by Israel and PLO. The agreement involved autonomy for parts of Gaza Strip and the West Bank — first Jericho, gradual redeployments, and had Palestinian independence as an obscure goal.
The Oslo Agreement has been renegotiated in 1995, this is called Oslo 2 — partly as it proved that Israel would not fulfil all of their promises, and because there were several unclear elements to the first Oslo Agreement.

By Tore Kjeilen