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Judaism / Orientations /
Neturei Karta



Two members of the Neturei Karta. Here in Jerusalem, Israel.
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Two members of the Neturei Karta. Here in Jerusalem, Israel.

Members of the Neturei Karta in a demonstration against the state of Isreal. London, UK.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Members of the Neturei Karta in a demonstration against the state of Isreal. London, UK.

Orthodox sect in Judaism, with its supporters living in Israel. While some would categorize them as extremist, they have views more humanistic than the majority of the population of Israel in fields like anti-racism and anti-war attitudes.
Their points of view are somewhat different from what is normally expected from conservative Jewish groups, as they opposed any involvement in the Zionist movement, and they have never recognized Israel as a proper Jewish state. According to their views, a Jewish state can only be established by Messiah. Furthermore, they consider Zionism movement to be an atheist ideology.
They sometimes resort to violent actions, like throwing stones at cars passing by their neighbourhood during the Sabbath. Still they strongly emphasize that they do not want any form of confrontation with the Arab people, and blame the Zionists for the wars fought in the Middle East since the creation of Israel. In Neturei Karta's view, it is illegal to retake the Holy Land by force of arms. They also call for "all Palestine should be returned to the Palestinians".
Neturei Karta also accuses the Zionists of being responsible for the many lives lost during Holocaust. According to them there were German offers in 1941 and 1942 to deport European Jews to Spain, which the Zionists rejected.
Neturei Karta had 6,000 members in 1980, who live in two communities near Jerusalem (Mea Shearim) and Tel Aviv (Bene Brak).

History
1935: Neturei Karta is established, after that many members of the political party Agudat Israel protests against the line of cooperation with the World Zionist Organization.
1945: Neturei Karta is elected to represent the Ashkenazi community in Jerusalem.
1948: Neturei Karta opposes the establishment of the state of Israel, as Messiah had not yet come.
1993: The leader of Neturei Karta, Rabbi Moshe Hirsch, has talks with Yassir Arafat.
1994 July: Hirsch is appointed by Palestine to deal with Jewish affairs on the occupied lands.




By Tore Kjeilen