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Open map of SyriaFlag of SyriaSyria / Cities and Towns /
Latakia
Arabic: 'al-lādhiqīya





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Latakia

Latakia, Syria.
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Latakia, Syria.
Latakia, Syria.

Latakia, Syria.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Latakia, Syria.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

City in Syria with about 420,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), situated on the Mediterranean Sea. The city is the capial of the Latakia Governorate.
Latakia is situated on the Ras Ziyarah promontory and has an excellent harbour, and is the most important port of Syria.
Latakia has its name from Laodicea, the mother of the Greek ruler Seleuces 2 (3rd century BCE).
Latakia is the trading centre or the northwestern agricultural region. In this region, tobacco, cotton and fruit are grown, and much of it is exported through Latakia. Local industries are cotton grinning, vegetable oil processing, tanning, fishing and sponge fishing. Exports from other parts of Syria include bitumen and asphalt, cereals and foodstuffs.
Latakia is an important holiday resort for Syrians. The city has a university, the University of Latakia.
The city has suffered from numerous earthquakes through its history, and this is one of the main reasons why there now are very few monuments left in town: Only one section of Corinthian columns and a Roman victory arch.

History
2nd millenium BCE: Latakia, known as Ramitha, is part of the Ugarit kingdom, whose capital is 10 km north.
3rd century BCE: Grows into becoming an important port and city of Syria under Seleucid rule. This is also the time when the city gets its name.
638: Latakia is conquered by the Arabs.
1103: Captured by the crusaders.
1188: Captured by Saladin.
1287: A heavy earthquake destroys the city, and Emir of Sahyoun takes control over it.
1920: Comes under French rule as part of the French mandate of Syria and Lebanon.
1942: Latakia is incorporated into Syria.
1971: Tishreen University is established. It is renamed to University of Latakia in 1977.




By Tore Kjeilen