Bookmark and Share

Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map

Open the online Arabic language course

Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / Third Intermediate Period /
23rd Dynasty

Pedubastis 1 818-793
Sheshonq 4 793-787
Osorkon 3 787-759
Takelot 3 764-757
Rudamon 757-754
Iuput 754-715

Dynasty of Ancient Egypt 818-715 BCE, 103 years, consisting of 6 kings, belonging to the Third Intermediate Period.
As with the 22nd Dynasty, this dynasty was also of Meshwesh Libyan descent (see Ancient Libya).
There is much uncertainly with this dynasty, but it is assumed that it ruled from Herakleopolis, controlling Upper Egypt parallel with the 22nd Dynasty.
Its beginnings can be traced to the middle of the 9th century, when Kashta, king of Cush, attacked Upper Egypt by which the high priests of Thebes were forced to allow Cushite entry into the line of succession.
This dynasty emerged much from the efforts of Takelot 2 who appears to have been High Priest of Amon at Thebes. Sources are inconclusive, but he seems to emerge as effective ruler of Upper Egypt since around 832 BCE.
Pedubastis 1 became the first to hold a position that now is called 'king' for this part of Egypt; his reign was, however, dominated by civil war. This continued throughout his reign, and into Sheshonq 4's. Osorkon 3 appears to have brought more stability to Upper Egypt, and he is also noted for being the last Egyptian king having a ro-ruler for his last 5 years, with Takelot 3, his son. After Takelot 3, information on this dynasty becomes uncertain and limited. Rudamon was the brother of Taklot 3. After his short reign, the kingdom was divided into 3 kingdoms, ruled from Herakleopolis, Hermopolis and Thebes. The last king in the king list, Iuput or Ini, ruled over a small kingdom with Thebes as capital. After him, Upper Egypt was conquered by Cushite kings coming up from south of the 1st Cataract.

Confused? Try to find a good place to start learning about Ancient Egypt in
Where to begin?Detailed article

By Tore Kjeilen