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Luxor temple

2. The halls

3. Grand statues

4. The holiest

5. Walls paintings

6. Roman altar

7. The strange mosque

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The halls of Luxor Temple

Luxor, Egypt

Southern corner of the Peristyle Court of Ramses 2, with colossi of the pharaoh himself.

Luxor, Egypt

Standing in the Hypostyle Hall, seeing the court of Amenophis 3, leading into the Processional Colonnade of Amenophis 3.

There are 3 main courts or colonnades before the temple proper.
The first court you arrive in is the one of Ramses 2, the pharaoh who has built or usurped most monuments of ancient Egypt. Even if much remains it is still quite damaged. The most dramatic alteration of its shape has been by the construction of the mosque of Abu l-Haggag in one of the corners. But even Ramses' court messed with former religious constructions, as the barque shrines of Tuthmosis 3 were integrated. As these shrines were already put into the axis of the temple, Ramses ordered that his court should be bent from the axis, so that the shrines were hidden behind the right pylon.
The court of Ramses 2 leads into the Processional Colonnade of Amenophis 3. The decorations on the walls were added by Tutankhamun and Horemheb.
The court of Amenophis 3 is surrounded on 3 sides by columns shaped as papyrus bundles and with capitals formed as buds. The court was dedicated to Amon, who Amenophis claimed to be his father. The court was originally roofed, but nothing remains of this. But most of the columns are in excellent condition. Due to the rising water table, a great restoration program was accomplished to strenghten the foundations.
Almost as if it was a part of the Court of Amenophis 3, the Hypostyle Hall is the last stage before the holiest parts of the temple. It is made up of 32 papyrus columns. Contrary to all good custom, the pharaohs Ramses 4 and 7 took the ownership of the columns and added their cartouches.
Luxor, Egypt

The court of Amenophis 3.

By Tore Kjeilen