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Cairo



Cairo
Introduction

1. Modern Cairo

2. The National Museum

3. al-Azhar Mosque

4. Old Cairo

5. Hanging church

6. Coptic museum

7. Coptic churches

8. The synagogue

9. Fustat

10. Mosque of Amr

11. Ibn Tulun Mosque

12. Khan el-Khalili

13. The Citadel

14. Muhammad Ali Mosque

15. Sultan al-Nasir Mosque

16. Suleyman Pasha Mosque

17. The bloody museums

18. Panorama of Cairo

Practicalities

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CAIRO


Intro



Modern Cairo

National Museum

al-Azhar mosque


Old Cairo

Hanging church

Coptic museum

The churches

The synagogue

Fustat

Mosque of Amr

Ibn Tulun Mosque

Khan el-Khalili


The Citadel

Map

Practicalties




















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OLD CAIRO


Cairo, Egypt: Old Cairo

From the narrow streets between the churches in the Coptic quarters.

Cairo, Egypt: Old Cairo

The only structure left from Babylon, a tower that belonged to the fortress built by the Romans in the 2nd century.

Old Cairo is really compact, and you can with ease cover a great collection of important Cairo sights in half a day. And even include a coffee and some shopping, too.
The most attractive parts of Old Cairo are the Coptic quarters, with the Hanging Church, the friendly and attractive Coptic Museum, which reflects the period where ancient Egypt changed into Christian and Muslim Egypt. Around these two sights, lie a collection of churches which all seem to claim an important part of Christian history. Tucked away between them all is one of the few remaining synagogues still in use in Egypt.
A short walk from this district will lead you to the first Muslim settlement of Egypt, the ruins of Fustat, and the first mosque in Africa, the Mosque of Amr.

Babylon
But don't forget to check out Babylon, it is right between the Mari Girgis metro station and the Coptic Museum. Confused? It is of course not the Babylon of Mesopotamia, but its namesake.
There are several theories to its name. One says that it were the Chaldean workmen from Mesopotamia who gave the now lost town its name. Another theory says that its name came from Bab il-On, meaning "Gate of Heliopolis".
What remains now is only a Roman tower. It is in quite good condition, and was under partial reconstruction when I visited in 2003.





By Tore Kjeilen