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Alexandria



Alexandria
Introduction

1. Fishing boats

2. The undulating corniche

3. Catacombs

4. Roman Amphitheatre

5. Villa of Birds

6. Pompey's Pillar and Serapeum

7. Fort Qaitbey

8. Library of Alexandria

9. Construction of the Library

10. Graeco-Roman Museum

11. Sunken city

12. Montazah Palace Gardens

13. Coptic Cathedral

14. The mosques

15. Synagogue

16. A touch of the old world

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ALEXANDRIA
Graeco-Roman Museum

Crocodile mummy, Greaco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, Egypt

In connection with the cult of Sobek, originating in Fayoum, mummification of crocodiles was an important part of the rituals.


Statue of Serapis, Greaco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, Egypt

Statue of Serapis, the local cult of Alexandria.

Apis bull from the Serapeum, Greaco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, Egypt

Father of Cleopatra, Greaco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, Egypt

Rough Guide suggests that the father of Cleopatra, Ptolemy 12 Neos Dionysios, looks like Donald Pleasence, the villain Blofeld from one of the James Bond movies.

Oil lamp, Greaco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, Egypt

One of very many oil lamps in this museum. Apparently oil lamps were popular items, allowing much variations by the creators. Each lamp in the exhibition has a distinct look.

Alexander the Great, Greaco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, Egypt

Alexander the Great.

This museum is counted for the best collection of items from the Classical era. There are plenty of excellent statues, sarcophagus, jewels, textiles and tiny objects of all sorts.
The museum's layout is quite attractive, but things in here may appear inferior and less interesting to what you find in the National Museum in Cairo. But if you make an effort, the exhibits here cast a light on a part of Egyptian history which is fascinating by its own respect.
The museum reflects Alexandria's importance as the scene of the Serapis cult. This cult, a creation by Ptolemy 1, intended to merge Egyptian and Greek religion. Serapis was a god married to the Egyptian goddess Isis and with qualities from Zeus and Poseidon.
The Serapis collection is therefore the first you get to, with its impressive Apis bull (third photo) and two statues of Serapis himself. One in wood, the other in marble (second photo).
Quite easy to overlook, because of their visual modesty, are the three heads of Alexander the Great. But all in all, for many he may be the most interesting figure exhibited here, and it is rare to find near-contemporary imagery of his.
The crocodile mummy on the top photo, shows how the Ptolemies adopted the Fayoumi cult of Sobek.
There is room of great statues, showing Marcus Aurelius and Ptolemy 10 (fourth photo).
Other rooms, further on, shows well different aspects of life in the Greek and Roman era, including so-called tanagra figures, small amulets, oil lamps, jewellery and coins.
The museum is open all days from 9.00 until 17.00, closed Fridays between 11.30 and 13.30. Entrance is EŁ16, camera permit EŁ10, video permit EŁ150.
Sarcophagus, Greaco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, Egypt

One of a few sarcophagi in near perfect condition.




By Tore Kjeilen